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Employment outcomes and PTSD symptom severity (Smith et al. 2005)

  • Findings

    See findings section of this profile.

    Evidence Rating

    Not Rated


Smith, M., Schnurr, P., & Rosenheck, R. (2005). Employment outcomes and PTSD symptom severity. Mental Health Services Research, 7(2), 89-101.


  • The authors assessed the relationship between male Vietnam-era veterans’ scores on the Clinician-Administered Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Scale (CAPS), a clinically administered scale of PTSD severity, and their employment and earnings.
  • The authors analyzed a data set containing demographic characteristics, PTSD symptom severity, employment status, and earnings for 325 male Vietnam-era veterans ages 18 to 54.
  • The authors used a multinomial logistic regression framework to estimate the marginal effect of PTSD severity on three categories of employment—no employment, part-time employment, and full-time employment—and a Heckman selection model to estimate effects on earnings.
  • The study found that a 10-point increase in the CAPS score was associated with a 5.9 percentage point increase in the probability of unemployment, a 2.1 percentage point decrease in the probability of part-time employment, and a 3.8 percentage point decrease in the probability of full-time work.

Reviewed by CLEAR

October 2015