More than a job: Final results from the evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) transitional jobs program (Redcross et al. 2012)
Redcross, C., Millenky, M., Rudd, T., and Levshin, V. (2012). More than a job: Final results from the evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) transitional jobs program. OPRE Report 2011-18. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
By clicking the links below, you are leaving CLEAR and are subject to the privacy and security policies of the owners/sponsors of the external site. CLEAR does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of information contained in a linked site. We also do not endorse the organizations or individuals maintaining sites that we link to, any views they express, or any products/services they offer.
The original publication was found at:
If this link no longer works, you can try a Google search for the citation.
Butler, D., Alson, J., Bloom, D., Deitch, V., Hill, A., Hsueh, J., Jacobs, E., Kim, S., McRoberts, R., & Redcross, C. (2012). What strategies work for the hard-to-employ? Final results of the hard-to-employ demonstration and evaluation project and selected sites from the Employment Retention and Advancement project. OPRE Report 2012-08. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- The study’s objective was to examine the impact of a comprehensive employment program on ex-offenders’ employment and wages.
- The authors randomly assigned former prisoners to an employment program offering transitional job placement and other services or to a control condition providing a more limited set of services. Employment and earnings data were collected quarterly for three years and compared between the two groups, controlling for characteristics before random assignment.
- The study found that treatment group members were 24.5 percentage points more likely to be employed during the first year after random assignment than control group members.
- The quality of causal evidence presented in this report is high because it was based on a well-implemented randomized controlled trial. This means we are confident that the estimated effects are attributable to the employment program, and not to other factors.
The Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) provided a comprehensive employment program for former prisoners. To reduce recidivism and improve labor market prospects, CEO provided former prisoners with temporary paid jobs working for New York City agencies and other services. Specifically, CEO’s services included a pre-employment class, a transitional job, job coaching, job development, a parenting class, and post-placement services. People placed into jobs worked in crews of about six participants in city and state agencies throughout New York City. Former prisoners were eligible to participate in the program if they had not worked in a CEO transitional job in the year before baseline; had not participated in New York State’s Shock Incarceration (or other small, special programs); and signed an informed consent form.
Features of the Study
From January 2004 to October 2005, 977 ex-offenders were randomly assigned to either the CEO program or a control group, members of which received an abbreviated pre-employment class and access to job search resources. The authors compared raw mean differences between the treatment and control groups’ quarterly employment and earnings outcomes during the three years after random assignment, adjusting for baseline characteristics of sample members. Employment data came from New York State Unemployment Insurance wage records and earnings data came from the National Directory of New Hires database.
- The study found that people assigned to CEO were 24.5 percentage points more likely to be employed during the first year after random assignment than people assigned to the control condition.
Considerations for Interpreting the Findings
Earnings data were unavailable during the first year of the study, which is the only year the treatment group had a significantly higher employment rate than the control group; there were no significant differences between the treatment and control groups for employment or unsubsidized earnings in years 2 or 3.
Causal Evidence Rating
The quality of causal evidence presented in this report is high because it was based on a well-implemented randomized controlled trial. This means we are confident that the estimated effects are attributable to the CEO program, and not to other factors.
This profile was developed in collaboration with the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER).